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black County Line Ridge Ride

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20.3 mile 32.7 kilometer loop
55% Singletrack


Ascent: 2,506' 764 m
Descent: -2,511' -766 m
High: 2,779' 847 m
Low: 1,480' 451 m


Avg Grade: 5% (3°)
Max Grade: 27% (15°)


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Trail shared by Ryan Delaney

Great views await riders who tackle this challenging section of the Virginia Mountain Bike Trail.

Ryan Delaney

E-Bikes Unknown

Features -none-

This ride is on National Forest land which has many uses, but be careful in the fall with hunting season.


The Tuscarora County Line Trail (1013.3) is part of the Virginia Mountain Bike Trail, a 480 (!) mile long-distance route that follows the western edge of Virginia, linking trail systems throughout the George Washington and Jefferson National Forests, primarily via singletrack.

This loop follows the ridge of Great North Mountain and rides the state line between Virginia and West Virginia, crossing it occasionally. It is part of the Lee District of the George Washington National Forest. Known for steep, rocky, and narrow ridgetops with spectacular views, the Lee District is the nearest access point to the George Washington National Forest for the Washington DC metro area.

Expect plenty of difficult rock gardens, awesome views, and a classic Virginia ridge trail, complete with a few steep hike-a-bikes to keep you honest!

Used predominately by hikers, the trails receives regular maintenance from the Potomac Appalachian Trail Club. Thanks to their hard work, numerous blow-downs are regularly cut out of the trail tread.

Need to Know

There is a bailout option at the halfway point. At PATC's Paul Gerhard Shelter (4 miles into the 8.2 mile ridge trail), you can descend the 1.5 mile Gerhard Shelter Trail (902), to Forest Road 93 . This allows you to bypass the more technical southern end of the Tuscarora County Line Trail , as well as the boggy mud holes on Vance's Cove.


Starting from one of the car pull-offs on Forest Road 93 , head north on the gravel road to State Route 55. Turn left to climb Great North Mountain on 55. Ride single file and stay alert as 55 can see heavy traffic from West Virginia commuters and folks driving to the mountains on weekends. Note-there is a small parking pull off on Route 55 right at the trailhead, though it can get crowded and is not the best place for a post ride hangout!

At the crest of the climb, you'll see a Forest Service gate and a sign for the Tuscarora County Line to your left, turn here to enter the Tuscarora County Line Trail (1013.3). At the trailhead, there's a kiosk with information on the trail and others in the district, as well as paper maps for visitors to take along on their adventure. The route is fairly straightforward, but the maps can provide some context to the route and peace of mind for the less navigationally inclined.

The trail begins as a smooth doubletrack access road maintained by the power line crews, but don't be lulled into complacency! Within the first two miles of the trail, you'll encounter the first steep pitches, climbing to the power line cut that offers excellent views of Paddy Mountain and the Shenandoah Valley to the east and the Lost River Valley to the west.

The trail narrows to true singletrack and traverses steep rocky pitches and wide open exposed ridge tops similar to the Northern Traverse . Four miles into the ride, you'll encounter the Gerhard Shelter and your first intersection. The Potomac Appalachian Trail Club maintains this backpacking shelter that sits in a low flat of the ridge. It makes a great place for a lunch stop, and a trail descending east (Trail 902, Gerhard Shelter Trail on the USFS map), offers a quick bailout to Forest Road 93 for those looking for a shorter ride. There is a potable spring halfway down Trail 902 if you're running low on water. For those in for the full pull, continue south on Tuscarora County Line Trail (1013.3), climbing away from the shelter.

Several steep pitches littered with rock moves await as you climb back up the ridge, but the reward is a long, gradual, rocky descent that dumps you into the first in a series of tricky, technical switchbacks that will require you to dismount in spots. The trail ultimately connects with Waite's Run Road on the West Virginia side of the mountain.

At this intersection, turn left to continue up the gravel road, skirting Waite's Run, a popular fly-fishing stream. You'll pass the trailhead for the Tuscarora Pond Run Trail (1013.2) on your right, and eventually pass through a forest service gate, before continuing to climb on Wilson Cove Trail .

At the state line, Wilson Cove Trail (1014) enters a grassy clearing. Across the clearing to your left is a wooden Forest Service sign marking both the state line and the entrance to Vance's Cove Trail (400). Turn left to begin the descent on Vance's Cove Trail (400). The beginning of the trail is a fun singletrack drop with a lop of water bar jumps, but it quickly enters the flat bottomlands and can be a quagmire of wet sand and mud holes. Continue on Vance's Cove Trail (400) for roughly 1.5 miles before coming to a 3-way intersection with a wide fire road

Turn left at this intersection to cross Paddy's Run and climb up the bank to Forest Road 93. Turn right on Forest Road 93 to being the recovery spin back to your cardepending on where you parked, this could be a quick roll or a relatively tough slog five mile slog back to Route 55.

History & Background

Since 1863, this portion of the ridge of Great North Mountain has served as the state line between Virginia and West Virginia, separating Shenandoah County, VA from Hardy County, WV. Wilson Cove is the one exception, and remained disputed territory well into the 20th century.

As late as 1926, the Cove was marked "No Man's Land" on maps, and it was only the Forest Service's move to purchase mountain lands to add to the nascent GW Forest that forced a resolution in the courts. The water courses in Wilson Cove drain to the west through the water gap in Great North Mountain, while the streams of Vance's Cove drain eastthe new state boundary was drawn up to reflect this hydrological division. Now Wilson Cove is firmly a part of West by God Virginia, despite being east of Great North Mountain, ending a dispute that predates West Virginia's statehood!

For more background information, check out PATC's guidebook "Guide to Great North Mountain Trail" available


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  2.3 from 7 votes


in Wardensville


  2.3 from 7 votes
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Pat Doyle
ashburn, va
Pat Doyle   ashburn, va
I rode this ride on 25 March 2016. My GPS clocked it in at 21 miles. I think of myself as a fairly good mountain biker in pretty good shape and it took me 4 hours and 49 minutes total( including mutiple points of stopping to catch my breath/take a rest, lunch, and changing a tire); it was 3 hours and 51 minutes of moving time. I found the first 6 miles very, very challenging. After the initial road climb, I spent a lot of time out of the saddle. Most of the climbs I was hiking, not biking; even on many of the flat areas I had to hike because the rock gardens were too difficult. I would ride a little, hop off and hike a while, ride a little, hop off and hike a while, ride a little, hop off, etc., etc. There were only a few downhill sections on this part of the trail; nothing noteworthy other than a great challenge, great views, and a lots of hiking. This pattern continues for a mile past the shelter. Once you get here, the ride becomes totally different. The rocks are more manageble, the downhill sections are fast and long. and as long as you keep up some speed on the flat sections, riding over the rocks is managable. This is the section of the Tuscarora trail that I spent the most amount of time in the saddle; I will mention that even on this part of the trail I had to hop off every now and then and hike a bike. Overall this 2-2.5 miles was the best section of the whole Tuscarora trail. At about mile 9 you get to the downhill switchbacks that I basically walked down. This section of trail was way too bouldery to try and ride. I could ride down a little then had to walk a while, then ride a little, but mostly walking. Once you get down to the flat grassy road, turn left to get to the gravel road mentioned in the directions. Next is a long climb and ride on a gravel road.. booorrinngg. You start off next to a cool creek, but that soon disappears and you are just climbing on a fire road. Vance's coves trail is another fun section, except for all the mud and creek crossing that you have to hop off the bike for. It is the only other part of the trail (except for fire roads), that I spent a lot of time in the saddle. There were some downed trees that I had ride over and a few that I had to hop off the bike for, but overall it was a fun, long downhill section. After finishing this section of the trail you cross paddy's cove creek and ride along paddy's cove rd. The ride from here to the powerlines is super fun and fast, all downhill. Once you get to the powerlines, the road turns left and you will be climbing all the way back to your car. I reccommend parking near the power lines if you can, that way you end on the downhill. This does mean that the first 9 miles is climbing, so you be the judge on that. Would I do this again? Maybe. The Tuscarora trail is not a mountain bike trail; it is a hiking trail that you can sometimes ride a mountain bike on. Mar 28, 2016
Of the many great rides in Virginia, this is not one. The first 6 miles is more hike-a-bike than riding. You never really know when you're at the top and there is never a feeling that you're on a long descent when you start descending. Once you get to the switchbacks, elevation drops quick but there's even more hike-a-bike down. It's almost as slow going as the climb. Feb 22, 2017
Vance's Cove Trail looked like it hasn't been used by anyone in 10 years. Fallen trees, branches, and half of it looked more like a stream bed than a trail. Whether you want to climb or descend, this ride is very much not recommended. Feb 22, 2017

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