Makhtesh Ramon is the largest of the four makhteshim in Israel (The Small Makhtesh, the Great Makhtesh, and Mount Arif). These crater-like formations are a phenomenon unique to Israel, created as a result of water erosion undercutting the rock, not from the impact of a meteor or volcanic lava.
Because of its physical configuration, riding through Makhtesh Ramon (or above it) will enable you to observe interesting geological phenomena and the wondrous colorful layers of the inner walls.
This information was contributed by the Israel Bike Trail Website. To learn more about the route and this section visit their website, here